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Can and Should Universal Injunctions Be Saved?

Oct. 11, 2019—Szymon S. Barnas | 72 Vand. L. Rev. 1675 (2019) | The practice of a federal district court judge halting the government’s enforcement of an executive action against not only the parties before the court but against anyone, anywhere, may be coming to an end. Multiple Supreme Court Justices have expressed their skepticism in the...

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Reestablishing a Knowledge Mens Rea Requirement for Armed Career Criminal Act “Violent Felonies” Post-Voisine

Oct. 11, 2019—Jeffrey A. Turner | 72 Vand. L. Rev. 1717 (2019) | Until 2016, federal courts unanimously concluded that predicate offenses for the Armed Career Criminal Act (“ACCA”) required a knowledge mens rea. Therefore, any state law crimes that could be committed with a reckless mens rea were not “violent felonies” and could not serve as...

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The Authorization Continuum: Investigating the Meaning of “Authorization” Through the Lens of the Controlled Substances Act

May. 31, 2019—Breanna C. Phillips | 72 Vand. L. Rev. 1335 (2019) | The-Authorization-Continuum Federal prohibitions are ubiquitous in society. These prohibitions may be absolute, providing no exceptions, or they may be qualified, providing exemptions that allow specified parties to avoid a law’s reach. The power to exempt parties from a prohibition is not limited to the...

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Winding Back Wayfair: Retaining the Physical Presence Rule for State Income Taxation

May. 31, 2019—Nathan Townsend | 72 Vand. L. Rev. 1391 (2019) | Winding-Back-Wayfair-Retaining-the-Physical-Presence-Rule-for-State-Income-Taxation In 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court decided South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc., a case abrogating the physical presence rule from Quill Corp. v. North Dakota. The physical presence rule barred a state from forcing a retailer to collect sales taxes on the state’s behalf...

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The Better Way to Stop Delay: Analyzing Speedy Sentencing Claims in the Wake of Betterman v. Montana

Apr. 30, 2019—Sarah R. Grimsdale | 72 Vand. L. Rev. 1031 (2019) | The-Better-Way-to-Stop-Delay-Analyzing-Speedy-Sentencing-Claims-in-the-Wake-of-Betterman-v.-Montana In Betterman v. Montana, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Sixth Amendment’s speedy trial right terminates after a defendant’s conviction. In dicta, the Court suggested that a defendant might pursue a constitutional claim of undue sentencing delay under the Due Process Clause....

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Sunny and Share: Balancing Airspace Entitlement Rights Between Solar Energy Adopters and Their Neighbors

Apr. 30, 2019—Joshua B. Landis | 72 Vand. L. Rev. 1075 (2019) | Sunny-and-Share-Balancing-Airspace-Entitlement-Rights-Between-Solar-Energy-Adopters-and-Their-Neighbors In an effort to ameliorate the effects of climate change, state and local governments have made increasingly large commitments to support solar energy adoption. For solar investments to be successful, however, solar adopters require unobstructed access to sunlight, which is directly at odds...

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The Waiting Game: How States Can Solve the Organ-Donation Crisis

Mar. 30, 2019—The-Waiting-Game-How-States-Can-Solve-the-Organ-Donation-Crisis Thousands of patients in the United States live in limbo every day waiting for a lifesaving organ transplant, and the gap between the number of people who need a transplant and the number of available organs widens every year. Every state currently allows individuals to unilaterally indicate their intent to donate their organs upon...

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Federal Regulation of Third-Party Litigation Finance

Mar. 30, 2019—Federal-Regulation-of-Third-Party-Litigation-Finance Third-party litigation finance has become a powerful and influential industry that will continue to play a significant role in shaping the legal landscape for years to come. The opportunities—and challenges—introduced by this burgeoning industry are legion, and with them has come a swath of disparate state regulations. These regimes have failed to balance important...

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Penile Polygraphy: The Admissibility of Penile Plethysmography Results at Sentencing in Tennessee

Jan. 28, 2019—Penile-Polygraphy-The-Admissibility-of-Penile-Plethysmograph-Results-at-Sentencing-in-Tennessee State judges in Tennessee currently consider the results of penile plethysmograph (“PPG”) evaluations when sentencing convicted sex offenders. These highly intrusive physical tests purport to identify whether an offender’s arousal is considered “deviant” by measuring the change in penis size after viewing various stimuli. Because the results are usually buried in psychosexual evaluations that...

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Extinguishing the Firewall: Addressing the Jurisdictional Challenges to Bringing Cyber Tort Suits Against Foreign Sovereigns

Jan. 28, 2019—Extinguishing-the-Firewall-Addressing-the-Jurisdictional-Challenges-to-Bringing-Cyber-Tort-Suits-Against-Foreign-Sovereigns The rapid advancement of technology has resulted in new forms of tortious activity. Increasingly, these cyber torts are perpetrated by foreign states. Notwithstanding other barriers to collecting damages for a cyber tort, a plaintiff suing for a foreign-state-perpetrated cyber tort must prove that the alleged tortious activity satisfies one of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities...

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Common Sense: Rethinking the New Common Rule’s Weak Protections for Human Subjects

Oct. 19, 2018—Common-Sense-Rethinking-the-New-Common-Rule27s-Weak-Protections-for-Human-Subjects ABSTRACT: Since 1991, the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, known as the “Common Rule,” has protected the identifiable private information of human subjects who participate in federally funded research initiatives. Although the research landscape has drastically changed since 1991, the Common Rule has remained mostly unchanged since its promulgation. In an...

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Trafficked in Texas: Combatting the Sex-Trafficking Epidemic Through Prostitution Law and Sentencing Reform in the Lone Star State

Oct. 19, 2018—Trafficked-in-Texas-Combatting-the-Sex-Trafficking-Epidemic-Through-Prostitution-Law-and-Sentencing-Reform-in-the-Lone-Star-State ABSTRACT: American law has historically treated prostitution as a victimless crime, a moral trespass between two consenting individuals, rather than a potential act of violence, a product of fraud or coercion. However, growing awareness of the international sex-trafficking epidemic has brought long-settled prostitution law once more under the critical eye of academics and lawmakers...

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Rethinking Conspiracy Jurisdiction in Light of Stream of Commerce and Effects-Based Jurisdictional Principles

May. 22, 2018—Rethinking-Conspiracy-Jurisdiction-in-Light-of-Stream-of-Commerce-and-Effects-Based-Jurisdictional-Principles ABSTRACT For decades, some courts have been willing to exercise personal jurisdiction over nonresident defendants based solely on the forum contacts of their coconspirators. This practice, termed “conspiracy jurisdiction,” has proven controversial among courts and commentators alike. On one hand, the actions of one member of a conspiracy are ordinarily attributable to other members...

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Neuronal Testimonial: Brain-Computer Interfaces and the Law

May. 22, 2018—Neuronal-Testimonial-Brain-Computer-Interfaces-and-the-Law ABSTRACT Scientific researchers have developed a method of using brain-scanning technology to determine if patients in a coma-like condition, known as a “vegetative state,” are conscious despite their inability to communicate verbally or via motor actions. While in a brain scanner, patients “answer” yes-or-no questions by envisioning specific scenarios that activate different parts of...

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A Taste of Their Own Medicine: Examining the Admissibility of Experts’ Prior Malpractice Under the Federal Rules of Evidence

Apr. 18, 2018—A-Taste-of-Their-Own-Medicine ABSTRACT Expert witnesses play an important role in medical malpractice cases by persuading juries to adopt a theory favorable to their party. Their credibility and competency influence the jury’s decision, so parties seek to discredit opposing experts through cross-examination about their own malpractice as a provider of medical care. This evidence suggests a propensity...

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Combating the Enemy Within: Regulating Employee Misappropriation of Business Information

Apr. 18, 2018—Combating-the-Enemy-Within ABSTRACT Technological advancements vastly improve efficiency and productivity in the workplace. However, technology also brings with it the ability to transmit mass amounts of business information with ease. As technology continues to evolve and become increasingly prevalent in the modern workplace, the insider presents a considerable threat to employers. In fact, employers increasingly face...

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